Before the Headache: Warning Signs
Most people with migraines (perhaps 90%) have a family history of migraines. If you know about migraines in your family, then it’s much more likely that you have them, too.
Migraines also often come with a long list of warning signs. Many people with migraine experience some symptoms days before the migraine, called the prodrome, which may include symptoms like:
- Fatigue or sleepiness with frequent yawning
- Unusually high energy
Not all migraine sufferers experience prodrome, but if you have a prodrome, you likely have migraines.
Some migraine sufferers experience an aura just before their migraines. Auras are usually bright lights, but may be other hallucinations or even vision loss. Auras can affect other senses, too, causing strange smells or sensations in the skin. They can even cause cognitive or language problems.
With tension headaches, the primary warning signs are elevating stress and stress-related behaviors, such as bruxism, clenching and grinding of the teeth. Pain in other muscles, such as the neck or jaw can also come before the headache.